mysql 语句case when

表的创建

CREATE TABLE lee (
id int(10) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
name char(20) DEFAULT NULL,
birthday datetime DEFAULT NULL,
PRIMARY KEY (id)) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8
数据插入:

insert into lee(name,birthday) values (‘sam’,’1990-01-01’);

insert into lee(name,birthday) values (‘lee’,’1980-01-01’);

insert into lee(name,birthday) values (‘john’,’1985-01-01’);
使用case when语句

1。

select name,
case
when birthday<’1981’ then ‘old’
when birthday>’1988’ then ‘yong’
else ‘ok’ END YORN
from lee;
2。

select NAME,
case name
when ‘sam’ then ‘yong’
when ‘lee’ then ‘handsome’
else ‘good’ end
from lee;
当然了case when语句还可以复合

3。

select name,birthday,
case
when birthday>’1983’ then ‘yong’
when name=’lee’ then ‘handsome’
else ‘just so so ‘ end
from lee;
在这里用sql语句进行日期比较的话,需要对年加引号。要不然可能结果可能和预期的结果会不同。我的mysql版本5.1

当然也可以用year函数来实现,以第一个sql为例

select NAME,
CASE
when year(birthday)>1988 then ‘yong’
when year(birthday)<1980 then ‘old’
else ‘ok’ END
from lee;



create table penalties
(
paymentno INTEGER not NULL,
payment_date DATE not null,
amount DECIMAL(7,2) not null,
primary key(paymentno)
)

insert into penalties values(1,’2008-01-01’,3.45);
insert into penalties values(2,’2009-01-01’,50.45);
insert into penalties values(3,’2008-07-01’,80.45);
1.#对罚款登记分为三类,第一类low,包括大于0小于等于40的罚款,第二类moderate大于40

#到80之间的罚款,第三类high包含所有大于80的罚款。

2.#统计出属于low的罚款编号。

第一道题的解法与上面的相同

select paymentno,amount,
case
when amount>0 and amount<=40 then ‘low’
when amount>40 and amount<=80 then ‘moderate’
when amount>80 then ‘high’
else ‘incorrect’ end lvl
from penalties
2.#统计出属于low的罚款编号。重点看这里的解决方法
方法1.

select paymentno,amount
from penalties
where case
when amount>0 and amount<=40 then ‘low’
when amount>40 and amount<=80 then ‘moderate’
when amount>80 then ‘high’
else ‘incorrect’ end =’low’;

方法2
select *
from (select paymentno,amount,
case
when amount>0 and amount<=40 then ‘low’
when amount>40 and amount<=80 then ‘moderate’
when amount>80 then ‘high’
else ‘incorrect’ end lvl
from penalties) as p
where p.lvl=’low’;